If it's clear at dawn on Monday and Tuesday, February 28th and March 1st, you can see one of nature's loveliest sights — Venus near the thin crescent Moon.Thoughtful readers looking at the chart at right might have two questions. First, if the Moon is above Venus on Monday and below it on Tuesday, it must be very near it some time in between. When will this close approach happen, and where will it be visible?
Second, just how long into dawn will you be able to see this scene? The Moon is often visible during broad daylight. Is that true of Venus, too?
Let's answer the second question first. Yes, Venus is indeed visible to the unaided eye during broad daylight, assuming that the air is reasonably free of haze. In fact, it's startlingly easy to see — but equally hard to find. It's just a tiny pinprick of light amid the vast sea of blue sky. Even after you succeed in finding Venus, it's very easy to lose sight of it if you glance away for a moment.
For this reason, by far your easiest chance to observe Venus during the day is when it happens to be near the Moon — a much easier object to find. And that will happen twice for observers in the Americas: on Monday and again on Tuesday.
There's one way to be absolutely sure of observing Venus after the Sun has risen, but it requires a lot of time and patience. Go out a half hour before sunrise, when Venus is blindingly obvious, and track its position until the Sun rises, and even after. The way to do this is to periodically look down from Venus to the horizon, and see what landmark lies directly below it. Then it's relatively easy to relocate Venus by scanning upward from that landmark.If you don't want to hang around outside for 45 minutes on a chilly late-winter morning, your second-best bet is to look when the Moon and Venus are due south and at their highest, which happens around 9 a.m. these mornings. Bring binoculars, because even the Moon is none too easy to spot during the day when it's a thin crescent.
Once you've located the Moon, use your binoculars to scan carefully to the left on Monday morning, using the February 28th diagram to tell you how far to scan. Most 7× to 10× binoculars actually have a field of view a bit bigger than what's shown, but the outer edge of the field is often a little hard to see.The closest approach between Venus and the Moon takes place when the Moon is below the horizon for the Americas. But it's a fine sight from eastern and central Asia, as shown in the March 1st diagram. By the time the Moon rises in the Americas on Tuesday morning, it's already well to the left of Venus. This is a second opportunity to spot Venus during daylight hours, but it's a bit tougher than on Monday because the Moon's phase has shrunk from roughly 15% to 10%, making it significantly harder to spot in the blue day sky.