Launch our Satellite Transit Tool!
Have you ever wondered how photographers manage to catch the instant that the International Space Station passes in front of the Sun or Moon? It's not luck — such shots take careful planning. Our Satellite Transit Tool can help you capture moments like these. (Never attempt to observe the Sun without an appropriately filtered telescope!)
Calculate when the International Space Station or Hubble Space Telescope will be visible from your location, and find out what path the satellite will take across the sky as it passes overhead. The Satellite Transit tool will alert you if the ISS or Hubble is due to come within 10° of any naked-eye planet, the Moon, or the Sun.
Plan ahead for spectacular astrophotography opportunities, or just head outdoors and watch humanity's creations pass beside solar-system marvels.
How to Use the Satellite Transit Tool
Once you open our Satellite Transit tool, which launches in a new window, you'll find predictions custom-generated for your location. To change the location, select your country and city, or enter in your latitude, longitude, and time zone, and the observing tool will calculate potential passes over the next five days. You can save your observing location for use at a later time.
The display's background is color coded to help distinguish between daytime, twilight, or nighttime observations. Each pass is centered on the screen, so be sure to note which direction you'll need to look for the satellite.
When you look at the results, "Pass Start" is the instant the satellite first becomes visible and is listed for your time zone. "Duration" indicates the length of each sighting in minutes. To see the spacecraft, look in the direction indicated by "Approach" at the given time. You should see a slowly moving "star" (weather permitting). The "Departure" entries indicate where the spacecraft will be when it vanishes from sight. "Max. Elevation" is how high the satellite will get above your horizon (90° is overhead). Sometimes an appearance or disappearance occurs well up in the sky when the satellite emerges into sunlight or slips into Earth's shadow, respectively.
For more information on satellite passes, take a look at our accompanying Satellite Tracker tool. It calculates upcoming passes and displays, in real time, where ISS or Hubble is over Earth. You'll also see the ground track over the next hour at 5-minute intervals. The gray oval shows where the satellite is presently above the horizon.