Asteroids might be tiny compared with the other bodies in the solar system, but they’re still important. Leftovers from the solar system’s earliest days, these rocks preserve the record of planet formation in their makeup. They also make for fun (and sometimes challenging) observing targets. Even more exciting is when near-Earth asteroids buzz Earth, not only giving us the chance to watch them zip through the sky but also to observe their shapes and compositions.

Here you’ll find facts, tips, and tricks for observing asteroids. Learn where to spot Ceres and Vesta, two of the largest asteroids and the focus of NASA’s Dawn mission. You can also join in larger asteroid search campaigns and share in the excitement of finding these roving space rocks.

Path of 2002 NY40

A Close Encounter with an Asteroid

An updated version of this article, complete with finder charts, is available here. In mid-August an asteroid will pass close enough to Earth to be easily spotted in small telescopes and binoculars. According to calculations by Gareth V. Williams, associate director of the Minor Planet Center in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the asteroid's August 18th flyby should…