Invite Ross 128 Over This Thanksgiving

With exoplanet Ross 128b in the news, we pay a visit to the star that sustains this potentially habitable exoplanet. 

Red and cool

The red dwarf, Ross 128, hosts the temperate, Earth-sized planet Ross 128 b. The star is about 20% of the Sun's diameter and 17% as massive.
Sloan Digital Sky Survey

No matter where you look the fecundity of the universe is manifest. Consider exoplanets. Since the first was discovered in 1992, astronomers have been piling them on like mashed potatoes at Thanksgiving. Today we know of more than 3,700. Of those, 53 may be potentially habitable.

The most recently discovered potentially life-friendly planet — and in some ways the most exciting — is Ross 128b, which circles the red dwarf star Ross 128 in the constellation Virgo. Located just 11 light-years away, it's the second closest Earth-sized planet within the habitable zone of its star.

Astronomers estimate that temperatures on Ross 128b range from  –76° to 68° F (–60° to 20° C). You could argue that's even more temperate than than that of Earth and likely warm enough for liquid water to pool on its surface. What's more, its star experiences far fewer massive flares compared to other red dwarfs, making conditions more hospitable to potential life.

Couldn't be easier!

If you have a 4.5-inch or larger telescope, you can track down Ross 128 in Virgo in the morning sky. Place Beta (β) Virginis in the field of a low-power eyepiece and you're halfway there! Mars's location is shown for November 21st.
Stellarium

While you and I aren't going to see Ross 128b anytime soon, we can have the pleasure of seeing its host sun, Ross 128. Currently visible in a dark sky before the start of dawn, this newsy red dwarf is just 1.1° southwest of 3rd-magnitude Beta (β) Virginis. To find the dwarf and its mind's-eye planet, center Beta in the field of view and use the AAVSO map to star-hop right to it.

Your personal invitation to meet Ross 128

Once Beta (β) Vir is in the field of view, use this chart from the American Association. of Variable Star Observers to star-hop to Ross 128, also known as the variable star FI Virginis. Numbers are stellar magnitudes with the decimals omitted, so 107 = 10.7. North is up.
AAVSO with annotations by the author

Eager to see it for myself, I got up the first clear morning after the news of the discovery broke last week. Oh gosh, how easy could it be. Pale red and magnitude 11.2, Ross 128 is bright enough to spot in telescopes as small as 4 inches (10 cm). Mingled in the star's light were photons from its closely orbiting and perhaps habitable planet, a satisfying thought.

Some 80% of the Milky Way's stars are red dwarfs, yet not a single one is visible to the naked eye. Being something of an introvert, I cotton to these shy suns. The brightest, Lacaille 8760 in Microscopium, shines at magnitude 6.7. Despite their retiring nature, they make for fertile exoplanet hunting grounds. A tiny dwarf feels a much stronger — and more easily measurable — tug by an orbiting planet compared to a bigger star like our Sun.

Coming and going

This graph shows how the distances of several nearby stars change over a period from 20,000 years in the past to 80,000 years in the future. “0” is the current time; distances are given in light years. Ross 128 is closing in, as is Alpha Centauri. Around the year 25,000 AD, the Alpha Centauri system will be just 3 light-years from Earth.
FrancescoA / CC SA-3.0

If we're patient and smart enough not to destroy ourselves, we'll have an even better view of Ross 128 in due time. The star is moving towards us at 31 km/sec and will become our nearest stellar neighbor around 81,000 AD, when only 6.2 light-years will separate the two Earths.

We celebrate Thanksgiving this week, a time to be grateful for all we have. As we reflect on the ups and downs that sustain our lives, feel free to take another helping at the table, including this stellar cranberry.

12 thoughts on “Invite Ross 128 Over This Thanksgiving

  1. Tom-Reiland

    I remember taking photographic plates of Ross 128 many years ago at Allegheny Observatory. Later, we used the MAP (Multi-channel Astrometric Photometer) to measure its distance, proper motion and to try to detect a wobble that might indicate Jupiter-sized planets. No luck finding anything that large.

      1. Tom-Reiland

        Bob, I was able to observe Ross 128 this morning when I was at Wagman Observatory. It was easy to find using the AAVSO chart. I estimated it at 11.6 mag. I also spotted the Nova in Orion, which is down to 12.5 mag, give or take 0.1 magnitude. It was a decent late Fall night for Star-hopping. I had to wait for the clouds to finally clear out and didn’t get started until 2 AM. I quit by 5:30.

          1. Tom-Reiland

            There is a Nova in Orion that was discovered on 11/21. It’s on the CBAT page. I think it’s the 4th one that I’ve observed this year to go along with 10 SNs. The AAVSO has been posting magnitude estimates.

          2. Bob KingBob King Post author

            Hi Tom,
            Do you have a link to the nova discovery? I’m having no success. I see CBAT circulars through Nov. 20th only. Thanks 🙂

          3. Bob KingBob King Post author

            Thanks, Tom. I learned via the AAVSO today that this transient has been classified as a cataclysmic variable (UGSU dwarf nova) rather than a nova. Darn! Still, dwarf novae are pretty cool, too 🙂

          4. Tom-Reiland

            Thanks for the info about the dwarf nova/variable in Orion, Bob. I finally got a chance to observe Comet Tsuchinshan in Leo. It wasn’t easy. Not sure of the magnitude. Probably 11 magnitude or a little fainter. I observed it’s motion, slight as it was, over a period of an hour. Mostly averted vision. I’m getting tired of these faint, little fuzzy blobs. We need a Comet West or Hale-Bopp type of comet.

          5. Bob KingBob King Post author

            Tom,

            I’m with you on the comets. I recently had the opportunity to view 62P, C/2017 O1, C/2016 R2 (in Orion by the way) and 24P/Schaumasse. All of them were dim balls of fuzz around 10-11 mag. Such is the ebb and flow in the life of a comet watcher.

  2. Joe StieberJoe Stieber

    With really clear weather this morning (Saturday, 25-November-2017), I went out to the New Jersey Pines for a look under relatively dark skies. Although a bit dim, I was able to see Ross 128 unambiguously with my 85 mm (3.4 inch) spotting scope at 60x. I did not notice any red color — I suspect I might need a bit more aperture for that. It was also clearly visible on a snapshot I took with my DSLR and a telephoto lens on a fixed tripod. The picture is currently at the top of my web page, http://sjastro.org/ .

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